The Journey Continues…27th & final Taraweeh Summary for Ramadan 2020

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And The Journey Continues…

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of the remaining Sûrahs of the final juz. May Allah give us the ability to continue in our worship of Him, not till the end of the recitation of the Quran, but till the end of our lives.

Sûrah Ad-Duhâ

Allah swears by the glorious morning light that He will always be by the Prophet’s side. Muhammad (s.a.w) is asked to show concern for the less fortunate and proclaim Allah’s bounties.

Sûrah Al-Inshirâh

In this Sûrah, Allah gives Prophet Muhammad hope and comfort in a time of great difficulty. Muhammad’s heart has been expanded by Allah (swt) and his position has been raised in this world and the next. The righteous man should remember that ‘after every difficulty there is relief.’

Sûrah At-Tîn

Man, who has been created ‘in the best of moulds’ can avoid falling to the level of “the lowest of the low” only by believing and doing good. This is the Judgement of Allah, ‘the wisest of Judges.’

Sûrah al-‘Alaq

The first five verses of this Sûrah make up the first Revelation by Allah to Prophet Muhammad. Man must proclaim (or read) Allah’s Message because it is He Who created man with a very lowly beginning and raised man’s position by teaching him knowledge. And be not of those who prevent a man’s right to pray but rather fall down in prostration.

Sûrah Al-Qadr

Indeed the revelation descended in the Night of Power (Lailat al-Qadr). It is better than a thousand months. Angels together with Archangel Jibrîl (Gabriel) descend with Divine Decrees of all types. ‘Peace! Until the rise of the dawn.’

Sûrah Al-Bayyinah

Once the clear truth has come to a person then what is their excuse for rejecting it? The simple teachings of Islam are to love Allah with a pure heart, to pray to Him sincerely, and to serve our fellowmen in charity and love. Following these teachings will earn one the pleasure of his Lord.

Sûrah Zilzâl

On the Day of Judgement the earth will tell its tale of people’s doings. Men will see the results of their deeds. Even the requital for an atom’s weight of good or evil will be seen.

 Sûrah Al-‘Adiyât

Allah swears that man is indeed ungrateful. He is tenacious in his love of wealth. Allah sees and knows all; therefore all that man harbours will be revealed on Judgement Day.

Sûrah Al-Qâri’ah

On the Day of Judgement the earth will be destroyed by a deafening noise. Then a Balance of Justice will be set up and all man’s deeds will be weighed thereon. Those whose scale is heavy (with goodness) will see it and those whose is light will see it.

Sûrah Takâthur

People’s great striving for piling up only worldly goods will end when they will die; but then they will learn the Truth too late to avoid Allah’s Punishment.

Sûrah Al-‘Asr

Through the ages it has been proven that “man is in loss, except those who believe, do good, join together in the teaching of Truth, and remain patient”.

Sûrah Al-Humazah

The scandal-mongers, backbiters and selfish hoarders of wealth are condemned. The Fire of Allah’s Wrath will burn right up to their hearts, thus shutting them out of the love and pity of their fellowmen.

Sûrah Al-Fîl

Do not be power-hungry or love the world’s resources too much. Allah can cause apparently harmless forces to defeat you. This was the case of Abrahâ who came with his powerful army of men and elephants to destroy the Ka’bah. An army of birds were sent, defeated the army with tiny stones and the Ka’bah remained protected.

Sûrah al-Quraish

Allah has given special protection to the Quraysh all year round. They, who are the custodians of the sacred Ka’bah should therefore be grateful to its Lord.

Sûrah Al-Mâ’ûn

People who do not serve Allah’s creation by feeding the poor, but rather push away the orphans harshly, and are “neglectful of their prayers” are hypocrites. Their actions are done only when they can impress people. They would not even want to the smallest of favours for their fellow man.

Sûrah Al-Kauthar

The Prophet has been blessed with abundance from Allah in both worlds. Therefore, “pray to Allah and sacrifice!” Those who make accusations against the Prophet will be cut off from any such abundance.

Sûrah Al-Kâfirûn

Men of Faith will hold onto their Faith. The rejecters will hold onto their wrong beliefs. Tell them to follow their way, and leave us alone. We will follow our Way too.

Sûrah An-Nasr

After Allah gives you Help and victory, praise Him and pray for your forgiveness. Allah is the one to whom we must turn in forgiveness.

Sûrah Lahab

Those who try to inflict physical pain on the Believers will suffer in their own way. They will suffer the pain of Allah’s Punishment. Thus was the case of  Prophet Muhammad’s notorious uncle, Abû Lahab, and his wife.

Sûrah Al-Ikhlâs

Allah is the One and Only. He is Everlasting and free from all needs. He has no father, mother, or children because He is Unique. There is none like Him.

Sûrah Al-Falaq

This Sûrah gives us the remedy for all superstitions and fears by teaching us to seek refuge in Allah from every kind of evil arising from outer nature and from dark and evil plotting and envy on the part of others.

Sûrah An-Nâs

This Sûrah tells us to trust in Allah, rather than man, as our sure Protector. It warns us especially against the secret whispers of evil within our own hearts.

 And may the journey continue…

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Interrupting your schedule: 26th Taraweeh Summary 2020

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 ‘We Are Interrupting Your Schedule To Bring You An Important Announcement’

Tonight’s taraweeh brings us almost to the end of the Book (Juz 30-Surahs 78-92), not to mention the World. Read on for important news and announcements…

78. Sûrah An-Naba’ (The Great News)

They argue about the news of the resurrection. ‘Verily, verily they shall soon know!’

Follow Allah’s created signs, aspire for Paradise and fear the Hellfire. ‘Verily we have warned you of a Penalty near- The Day when man will see what his hands have sent forth, and the Unbeliever will say, ‘Woe unto me! Would that I were dust!’

79. Sûrah An-Nâzi’ât (The Angels who Draw out the Souls)

Allah Almighty swears by His obedient angels that on the Final Day, ‘everything that can be in commotion will be in violent commotion.’

Look at the story of the proud Pharaoh who claimed: “I am you Lord Most High”. He rejected Allah’s Message and he was brought low by Allah’s Punishment. So will all the proud rejecters be humbled on the Day of Judgement.

80. Sûrah ‘Abasa (He Frowned)

Pay attention to the seeker of truth and do not give him the cold shoulder just because of his social status.

Fear the Day when a man shall flee from his own parents, sibling, wife and children, each one preoccupied with one’s own future fate.

81. Sûrah At-Takwîr (The Folding Up)

We are given an almost breathless account of the tumultuous events of the end of the world as we know it.

The baby girl who was buried alive is given prominence amongst all these events and questioned, ‘for what crime was she killed.’

‘Verily this is no less than a message to all the Worlds, (with profit) to whomever among you wishes to be on the straight path.’

82. Sûrah Al-Infitâr (The Cleaving Asunder)

Allah swears by the reality of the Last Day that each soul will know what it has sent forth. So do not hold back from obeying Allah, you have  angels to protect you and note down your deeds. And you will be powerless to help anyone on the Final Day.

83. Sûrah Al-Mutaffifeen (The Dealers in Fraud)

Keep your business practices and accounts clean: surely you will be held to account by Allah.

See the end of those whose deeds are in the ledgers of the wicked versus those of the righteous.

84.Sûrah Al-Inshiqâq  (The Rending Asunder)

We are again reminded about the reality of one’s destiny.  Man goes about toiling on towards the end. And as you see the stages of the day till the sunset melts into the night and the moon enters and leaves its phases, ‘ye shall surely travel from stage to stage.’

85. Sûrah Al-Burûj (The Constellations)

Those who ill-treat the Believers and then they witnessed the ill treatment will be severely punished. They are being witnessed by Allah Himself. He will deal with the Unbelievers as He dealt with Pharoah and the Tyrant of the People of the Ditch.

86.Sûrah At-Târiq (The Night Star)

Man was certainly created in a very humble fashion. And yet he tries to plot against Allah, but wait and see what is Allah’s plan.

87. Sûrah Al-A’lâ (The Most High)

Allah has made man capable of progress by ordered steps, and by His revelation will lead him still higher to purification. ‘And We will make it easy for thee (to follow ) The simple (path).’

88. Sûrah Al-Ghâshiyah (The Overwhelming Event)

This event will be the day when some faces will be ‘humiliated, labouring (hard), weary while they enter the blazing Fire,’ while  ‘(other) faces that Day will be joyful, pleased with their striving.’

89. Sûrah Al-Fajr (The Dawn)

When Allah gives man honour and gifts, he feels proud but when Allah limits his sustenance he complains. He does not realise the true tests in these two cases which are those of humility and patience.

Only to the righteous soul will it be said: “O satisfied soul! Return to your Lord, well pleased and well-pleasing to Him. Enter among My devotees. Enter My Heaven!”

90. Sûrah Al-Balad (The City)

‘We have created Man into toil and struggle.’ Once he becomes wealthy he must not boast because he will have to account before Allah. Let him use these gifts to free slaves, feed the needy and the orphans, believe, be patient, and enjoin deeds of kindness and mercy on others.Then will he be among the Companions of the Right Hand.

91. Sûrah Al-Shams (The Sun)

By all of the wonders of creation and by the soul, “Truly he who purifies it, succeeds; and he who corrupts it, fails”. The last statement was proved by the Punishment that Allah brought upon the Thamûd for their rebellion of arrogance.

92. Sûrah Al-Layl (The Night)

By looking at Allah’s Creation, we see many mysteries, many differences and many opposites. We see the difference between night and day, and male and female. Likewise there are two paths open to man – the good and the bad. Allah will make easy for man whichever path man decides to choose.

May Allah give us the ability to heed the warnings before it’s too late.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

The Human Race: 25th Taraweeh Summary 2020

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The Human Race

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of Juz 29.The Sûrahs covered are nos. 67 -77: Al-Mulk, Al-Qalam, Al-Hâqqah, Al-Ma’ârij, Nûh, Al-Jinn, Al-Muzzammil, Al-Muddaththir, Al-Qiyâmah, Al-Dahr and Al-Mursalât.
67.Sûrah Al-Mulk (The Kingdom)

Time & Space are controlled by Allah

Blessed be Allah in Whose Hands are the life cycles and layers of a universe, free of defects.

People will regret that they didn’t reflect and ponder, ‘Had we but listened or used our intellect, we should not be now among the companions of the blazing fire.’

You are a vulnerable being as you tread through the land, benefitting from its bounty. After all, Allah can take you back at any time. And no one can cheat death or the destiny of the next life.
68.Sûrah Al-Qalam (The Pen)

Grace or Disgrace?

Man has been tested over time to ascertain their gratitude to their Creator. Man can be prone to overconfidence and forget Allah. That is how He tested the Companions of the Garden who were sure of gathering their harvest the next morning. They also hoped to arrive early enough to deprive the poor. But Allah caused the garden to become bare. They learnt their lesson and repented to their Lord.

On the Day of Judgement, those who took partners with Allah will be summoned to prostrate and will be unable. They will be ashamed, ‘seeing that they had been summoned aforetime to prostrate, while they were whole (and had refused).’

Remember the suffering of Jonah Yûnus. had it not been for the Grace of Allah, he would have been abandoned and disgraced.
69.Sûrah Al-Hâqqah (The Sure Reality)

What is Reality?

Pick your way quickly and carefully through the debris of perished nations. Their stories are worth repeating: the earthly destruction of the disbelievers of Thamud, ‘Aad, Moses, Lot and Noah’s people.

And then what? One blast will be sounded on the Trumpet, the Earth will crumble, the sky split apart and we shall all be brought to Judgement.

The Believer will be relieved, ‘I did really understand that my account would (one day) reach me.’ He will be told, ‘Eat and drink with full satisfaction because of the good that you sent ahead…’ He will have achieved the low hanging fruit, not of this world, but of the hereafter.
70. Sûrah Al-Ma’ârij (The Ways of Ascent)

People see the Final Day as far off, ‘But We see it near.’ Friends will not care about each other, willing to sacrifice their own kith and kin. The sinners were miserly with the Truth and the worldly blessings of Allah. Not so those devoted to Prayer, generosity, chastity, trustworthiness and the Next Life.
71. Sûrah Nûh (Noah)

The tenacity of Noah (a.s) is remarkable, who invited his people for centuries to the Truth, ‘night and day.’ They were given every opportunity and reminded of the worldly blessings that come with seeking forgiveness from their Lord. But they clung stubbornly to the worship of pious ancestors, ‘And they have said, abandon not your gods: abandon neither Wadd, nor Suwa, neither Yaghuth nor Yauq, nor Nasr.’ Allah concludes this revelation by mentioning the supplication of Noah for all people of faith and against the people of unbelief.
72.Sûrah Al-Jinn (The Jinn)

‘A company of Jinn listened (to the Quran). They said, ‘We have really heard a wonderful recital!’ So amongst Jinn are ‘some that are righteous and some the contrary.’

‘But those who swerve are fuel for the Hellfire.’

Like the Jinn, man is duty bound to serve Allah alone and Allah ‘takes account of every single thing.’
73.Sûrah Al-Muzzammil (The Enfolded One)

Devote yourselves to the service of Allah and pray at night, reciting the Quran in ‘slow, measured, rhythmic tones.’

‘Read therefore as much Quran as may be easy, establish regular Prayer, give regular charity…and whatever good you send forth for your souls, you shall find it with Allah…’
74.Sûrah Al-Muddaththir (The One Wrapped Up)

The qualities mentioned in the last Sûrah are important for preparing a person for the role of guide and leader of mankind. But when Allah’s Command comes, he must rise and proclaim the Message for the good of all mankind.

‘Then what is the matter with them (the Disbelievers) that they turn away from admonition like frightened animals, ‘fleeing from a lion.’ Each one claims that they will only believe if they have their own personal revelation, ‘By no means! But they fear not the Hereafter.’
75. Sûrah Al-Qiyâmah (The Resurrection)

‘Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones?’ ‘…but man wishes to do wrong (even) in the time in front of him.’

On the Day of Resurrection ‘man will be told (all) that he put forward and all that he put back.’

And the disbeliever who, ‘gave nothing in charity, nor did he pray..strutted to his family in pride.’

He was but a mere lowly drop and Allah did fashion him in due proportion.

Therefore, ‘is not He (equally) capable of giving life to the dead?’
76. Sûrah Ad-Dahr (Time)

Man was but nothing, then blessed with hearing and sight.

Then Allah “showed him the way” and left the freedom of choice in man’s hands.

The selfless are rewarded and will suffer neither excessive heat nor cold, eating and drinking in luxury and bliss.

So be patient with Allah’s commands and follow neither the sinner nor the disbeliever.’
77.Sûrah Al-Mursalât (Those sent forth)

The winds show Allah’s Kindness and Power. They gently bring rain but they can also blow violently and destroy. Thus works Allah’s Revelation. It can gently bring the Message but it can also wipe out evil and Falsehood.

The warning, ‘Woe that Day to the Rejecters of the Truth’ is mentioned several times, as Allah Almighty describes the consequences for the Disbelievers and the Believers.

‘Woe, that Day to the Rejecters of Truth! Then what Message after that will they believe in?’

May Allah give us the ability to succeed in the struggle called the human race.

Abbreviations

s.w.tSubhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.wSalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Loyalty, Law and Social Harmony: 24th Taraweeh Summary 2020

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Loyalty, Law & Social Harmony

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of Juz 28.

The Sûrahs covered are nos. 58-66 Al-Mujâdilah, Al-Hashr, Al-Mumtahinah, As-Saff, Al-Jumu’ah, Al-Munâfiqûn, At-Taghâbun, At-Talâq and At-Tahrîm. 

What follows is a quick and short overview of key verses.

58. Sûrah Al-Mujâdilah (She Who Pleads) 

This surah opens with Allah stating that he has heard and accepted the complaint of the woman who was being degraded by her husband.

So do not let false claims or unIslamic traditions lower or paralyze the status of women.

Allah is the All-Knower therefore do not make secret consultations among yourselves to plan mischief.

Be orderly in public assemblies – be considerate and make space for each other and leave promptly once the assemblies are over.

Do not turn to those who knowingly swear to falsehood.

And those who are loyal to His Cause, Allah ‘has written faith in their hearts and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself… and is supremely pleased with them.’

59. Sûrah Al-Hashr (The Gathering)

It is Allah who banished the Disbelievers from amongst the People of the Book (those who broke the alliance with the Muslims).

What wealth remains must not circulate amongst the wealthy but amongst the needy and specific beneficiaries.

The Believers, both migrant and resident are praised. The Ansar (residents of Madinah) ‘gave preference to the migrants even though poverty (was their own lot).’

We are then reminded of the majesty of the Quran wherein it is described as shattering the might of a mountain.

And in conclusion Surah Al Hashr ends with a splendid rehearsal of Allah’s beautiful Names.

60. Sûrah Al-Mumtahinah (That Which Examines)

Allah swt instructs us that it is inappropriate to seek protection from the persecutors of Muslims. Follow Abraham’s example, whereby he and the believers made clear their stance to their enemies.

‘Allah does not forbid you from dealing kindly and justly with those who do not fight your Faith, nor drive you out of your homes.’

Believing women refugees should not be turned back, they are not to marry disbelievers and if the believing women pledge the oath of loyalty to the Prophet (s.a.w), then he is to accept it from them and ask for their forgiveness.

61. Sûrah As-Saff (The Battle Array)

As Allah’s Glory shines through His Creation, so must we back up our words with action in a united manner, ‘like in a battle array, as if they were a solid cemented structure.’

Do not vex and insult the Prophets as past people did. To be truly successful, ‘Be ye helpers of Allah, as said Jesus, son of Mary to the disciples.’ And the disciples said, ‘We are Allah’s helpers!’

62. Sûrah Al-Jumu’ah (Friday)

Allah has sent His Revelation for the guidance of both those who have previous scriptures and those who don’t.

The likeness of those who were given the obligations of the scripture (the Torah) but failed, is like a donkey who carries volumes (but understands them not).

“When the call is made to prayer on Friday, hasten to the Remembrance of Allah and leave off business”.

The important lesson here is the need for mutual contact in the community for worship and understanding.

63. Sûrah Al-Munâfiqûn (The Hypocrites)

The Hypocrites are lulled into a false sense of reality. They think they can deceive Allah and His Messenger with their words and charisma. They do not realise that Allah has punished them by making it impossible for them to see Truth. They plan to obstruct progress without realising that Allah is the Best of Planners.

Do not let your wealth and children lull you away from remembering Allah. Give charity before death overpowers you and cuts you off from doing any good.

64. Sûrah At-Taghâbun (Mutual Loss & Gain)

Allah is the Creator of all. He is the Best Judge. The final judgement regarding those who did either good or evil will only be given on the Day of Reckoning.

“That will be a day of mutual loss and gain (among you)”.

Bear misfortunes with patience. Do not lose hope, because Allah is only testing you. Obey Allah’s Teachings and regard your wealth and children as a trial for you; so remember Allah and thank Him for His Favours.

65. Sûrah At-Talâq (Divorce)

Be just in your relations with your wives. Divorce is a last resort, where you feel that the marriage must be dissolved. Make absolutely certain that you deal justly and protect the interests of unborn or new-born lives. During the ‘iddah, (the prescribed waiting period) “let the women live in the same manner as you live, according to your means. Do not anger them”. Even then, try to bring about reconciliation. These are Allah’s Laws which have been prescribed.

66. Sûrah At-Tahrîm (Prohibition)

‘Do not make unlawful for yourself what Allah has made lawful.’

Harmony (in marriage) and confidence (trust) must be taught and practiced. The door of repentance is always open to make amends.

We see families of all types in the Quran. Allah will reward the virtuous even if they have to live unavoidably with the wicked, as was the case with the wife of Pharaoh, peace be upon her.

And we see the example of the unrighteous ones who lived in the company of the good; such as the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot.

Mary, daughter of Imran, is praised for her life of piety while she, a single mother, raised a Prophet of God. She ‘guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (her body) our spirit; and she testified to the truth…’

May we reflect on the unique realities of each family’s life and ask Allah to guide and support our families.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Mountains of Revelation: 23rd Taraweeh Summary 2020

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Mountains of Revelation

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of juz 27. The Sûrahs covered are 51-57: the second portion of Adh-Dhâriyât, At-Tûr, An-Najm, Al-Qamar, Ar-Rahmân, Al-Wâqi’ah and Al-Hadîd.

The commentary of Sûrah Adh-Dhâriyât was covered last night.

Sûrah At-Tûr (The Mount)

This is also an early Makkan Sûrah.

Allah  (s.w.t), takes an oath by previous revelations, other sacred symbols, including Mount Tur of Moses’ time, that His final Judgement will take place on the Day of Reckoning.

On that Day the evil-ones will be severely punished while the good  will prosper.

Certainly all the points raised by disbelievers are without foundation or valid authority.

Praise Allah in the stillness of the night and the hopeful hour of dawn as the stars begin to fade in deference to the sun.

Sûrah An-Najm (The Star)

True revelation does not consists of errors or deceptions – the Messenger (s.a.w) “is neither astray nor being misled, nor does he say (anything) of his own desire. It is no less than Inspiration sent down to him” by Allah, the All-Knower.

Allah is not like any of the false ideas and idols that men have. He is the Everlasting, the All-Forgiving.

Give wholeheartedly in Allah’s Way for your benefit in the Hereafter, where each soul must bear its own responsibility.

‘Do you then wonder at this recital? And will you laugh, not weep, wasting your time in vanities? But fall down in prostration to Allah and adore Him.’

 

Sûrah Al-Qamar (The Moon)

The theme of the Sûrah is explained by the question: “Is there any that will receive warning?” which occurs multiple times after referring to the people of the past who had rejected warnings. It contains an appeal to the simplicity of the Qur’ân.

Those who reject Allah’s Message must realise that the Day of Judgement is drawing near.

On that Day they will suffer a severe penalty if they do not accept Allah’s Truth. All those past people who denied Allah’s Message were destroyed, including the people of Noah, the ‘Ad, the Thamûd, the people of Lotand the people of Pharaoh.

Take heed from these examples and be on your guard. Receive Allah’s warning from these stories.

Sûrah Ar-Rahmân (The Most Merciful)

The greater part of this Sûrah is considered early Makkan. It is highly poetical, and the question “Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” is scattered 31 times among its 78 verses. Here the favours of Allah and the Hereafter are explained.

How Gracious is Allah, who has revealed the Truth in the Qur’ân and has given man intelligence to see Him in the Creation around him. The universe is ruled by laws of Balance and Justice.

He has created man from mere clay; but man can still understand Allah, the Lord of the East and the West, who sustains all His creatures, who gives the jewels of Life and Faith, who will live on while everything else will die, whose eternity is the hope of man’s future.

Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” Evil cannot escape Justice. Good will find its reward in Paradise where beautiful sights and sounds, delicious fruits to nourish the soul, and pure companionship to give us life, will be found.

“Then, which favours of your Lord will you deny?”

All praise belongs to Allah, the Exalted and Honourable.

Sûrah Al-Wâqi’ah (The Inevitable)

Almost the entire Sûrah belongs to the early Makkan period. The Day of Judgement will come “when the earth will be shaken to its depths” and people will be sorted out into three classes.

Firstly, those who “will be nearest to Allah in Garden of Bliss”.

Then the Companions of the Right Hand, who will enjoy great pleasures.

Thirdly, the Companions of the Left Hand, who will suffer untold misery.

Study yourselves, the rest of Creation, and Allah’s Message and praise Allah, the Beneficent, Who is most Just, Most Merciful and Truthful.

Sûrah Al-Hadîd (Iron)

With this Sûrah we begin the last one-tenth of the Qur’ân.

This tenth can be viewed in two parts: the first contains ten Sûrahs, all revealed in Madîna, and each one dealing with special advice about the social life of the Ummah. The remainder contains short Makkan Sûrahs, each one dealing with an aspect of spiritual life, expressed in language of great beauty.

Believe in Allah and His Prophet, and give charity out of the wealth He has given you. By spending in Allah’s Cause you are merely giving from things which Allah has given; it is not strictly yours.

“Those who give in charity….(that loan) will be increased manifold for them, and they will have (besides) a liberal reward”.

Allah will then guide you by His Light. Be always humble before Allah and remember Him at all times.

“The life of this world is but play and amusement” compared to the life of the Hereafter.

The pleasures of this world last long. But on the other hand, do not serve Allah like hermits who shut out the world altogether.

As Muslims we are to use the resources of this world, like iron (Al Hadid), to be engaged in good for the sake of Allah– this is also worship.

 May we reflect on the mountains of revelation as we humble ourselves before Him.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Structural Integrity: 22nd Night of Taraweeh Summary 2020

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Structural Integrity of The Ummah                                  

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of Juz 26.

The Sûrahs covered are Al-Ahqâf (The Sandhills), Muhammad , Al-Fath (Victory), Al-Hujurât (The Apartments), Qâf  and the first section of Al-Dhâriyât (The Winds that Scatter).

Surah Al-Ahqâf

The Ahqâf are the long and winding crooked tracts of sand-hills, like those in the land of the nation of ‘Ad. These  people probably had a fertile irrigated country, but their sins brought on Allah’s Punishment.

Allah  has created everything “for just ends.” Allah’s truth is unchangeable; those who disbelieve in it will be severely punished on the Day of Judgement. Be kind to your parents for their sacrifices they made for you. In your old age pray for the well-being of your offspring.

Allah places different people in different ranks  “according to their deeds.”

Sûrah Muhammad

This surah was revealed around the 1st year after Hijra when the possibility existed that the Pagan Makkans might wipe out the Muslims. This and the next two Sûrahs deal with external and internal relations when the Ummah was formed.

“Those who reject Allah and obstruct (men) from the path of Allah  – Allah  will cause their deeds to go wrong and they will be destroyed.

But those who believe and do good… Allah  will remove their ills from them and improve their condition”.

Allah  will guide those who fight for His cause. The hypocrites (like those in Madîna in Prophet Muhammad’s time) on the other hand  are fainthearted. They only pay lip-service to Islam. Serve Islam sincerely, otherwise “He will replace you with another group of people (who) will not be like you.”

Sûrah Al-Fath

This Sûrah was revealed after the Treaty of Hudaibiya which was signed in 6 A.H. between the Muslims and the Makkan Pagans.Prophet Muhammad , together with about 1500 Muslims, wanted to perform the ‘Umra (lesser pilgrimage).

The treaty that followed was a great moral, social and political victory for Islam. Victory comes from calmness of mind, faith, devotion, bravery and patience, as shown at Hudaibiya. Greed or faint-heartedness can never bring victory. The rewards for service cannot always be measured by immediate results, but show themselves in many ways if we are patient. Fight with strength, but be kind and gentle among yourselves. Such an act will cause Allah  to love you.

Surah Al-Hujurât

This Sûrah was revealed in 9 A.H. when many deputations visited Madîna to offer their loyalty to Islam.

Be humble in accepting the sunnah of your Prophet. Do not accept rumours without testing them. Make peace between 2 quarreling parties among Believers “with justice”. Remember that “the Believers are a single Brotherhood”. Do not make wounding remarks, “Avoid suspicion as much (as possible)… do not spy on each other, nor speak ill of each other behind their backs”. “Certainly the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah  is the most righteous of you.”

Being a believer does not mean paying lip-service, but by accepting Allah’s Will and striving in His cause. By accepting Islam you do not do others a favour; rather, you do yourselves a favour because it is a source of guidance for you.

Sûrah Qâf

We now come to a group of seven Makkan Sûras dealing with Allah’s revelation through nature, history and the mouths of the Prophets.

The disbelievers find it beyond their understanding that they will be raised up again after they have become dust. But they just have to look at His Creation, and conclude from it that Allah is capable of doing everything. As He gives (new) life to land that is dead so will He bring about our Resurrection.

Every deed, word and thought is recorded by two angels. Death will open your eyes and make you see the Truth. Paradise and Hell are real destinations, what will make us plan for that reality?

 Sûrah Al-Dhâriyât

This Sûrah deals with the many ways in which Truth is successful at all times, even against heavy odds. The winds may be strong or gentle: blowing, scattering, lifting, rushing or dividing in all directions – but Allah’s Purpose remains one.

On the Day of Judgement everything will become clear. Look at the history of past peoples who rejected Allah and learn lessons therefrom.

May we reflect on these signs as we head into the final week of Ramadan.

 

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Witness Protection Program: 21st Taraweeh Summary 2020

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Image by Hans Braxmeier via Pixabay

Witness Protection

Tonight’s Taraweeh consists of Juz 25 and surahs no. 41-45. They are the end of Fussilat, all of Ash-Shura, Az-Zukhruf, Ad- Dukhan and Al Jathiyah.

Ash-Shura (Consultation)

The Ultimate Protector

‘To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth…the heavens are almost rent asunder from above them (by His Glory)’

‘And those who take as protectors others beside Him, Allah is watching over them.’ Trust in Allah as your ultimate Protector and source of safety.

:12 To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth: He enlarges and restricts the sustenance to whom He wills, for He knows full well all things. The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah…Abraham, Moses and Jesus: namely you should remain steadfast in religion and be not divided therein…’

The believers have many special qualities including their avoidance of the major sins, the ability to forgive even when they are angry and their capacity to consult others (Shura) when making decisons.

:19  Allah takes care of His creation and sends down rain even after men have given up all hope, and scatters His Mercy far and wide

:44 But on the Day of Judgement those who have gone astray will have no Protector at all

Az Zukhruf (Gold Adornments)

All that Glitters

In this surah we come across a very familiar prayer, the du’a we say in our cars. ‘Exalted is He who has provided this (ride) for our use and we could never have accomplished it ourselves and to our Lord we must surely turn back.’

‘Yet there are still those who ascribe power to other than Allah. Some attribute daughters to Him or claim that the angels are female and yet,’when news is brought to one of them of (the birth of a daughter)…his face darkens and is filled with inward grief!’

:31 Also they say why is not the Quran sent down to a grander, more highly ranked leader in Makkah or Ta’if. “But the Mercy of your Lord is better than your collections of wealth. ‘And had it not been that people might turn to disbelief, Allah would have provided homes with roofs and staircases of silver and golden adornments (Zukhruf).

:52 Like the Makkans, Pharoah could not fathom Prophethood being bestowed on an ordinary man of the people,’ Why are not gold bracelets bestowed on him and angels do not accompany him in procession?’

:68 The life of the believers in Paradise will be much grander than anything imaginable in this world. They will have peace of mind: no fear, nor sorrow. ‘To them will be passed around dishes and goblets of gold, there will be all that the soul could desire, all that the eyes could delight in.’

‘So leave (the disbelievers) to babble and play until they meet that Day of theirs which they have been promised.’

Ad Dukhan (The Smoke)

Will the Earth Weep for You?

The Quran was sent down during a blessed night and ‘in that (night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom.

:25 Allah the All Wise recounts the incident of Pharoah and his forces being destroyed in their pursuit of the Believers,’How many were the gardens and springs left behind. And cornfields, grand buildings and wealth in which they indulged.. Thus (was their end)..and neither heaven nor earth shed a tear over them.’

:38 And Allah did not create the heavens nor the earth nor everything in between merely for sport. We created them only for just ends, but most do not understand.

Al Jathiyah (The Kneeling Down)

Hour of Need

‘Do you see such a one who takes his desires as a god. (Knowing him as such) Allah has left him astray.’

And the Day of Judgement will be a humbling moment, ‘and you will see every sect bowing the knee (Jathiyah).’

‘And when it was said that the promise of Allah was true and the Hour – there was no doubt about it, you (Disbelievers) used to say ‘We know not what is The Hour: we only think it is an idea, and we have no firm assurance…it will …be said: This Day  We will forget you as you forgot the meeting of this Day of yours!’

May we be counted amongst those  in the Protecting care of our Lord – Ameen

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Where Will Our Souls Be Tonight? 20th Taraweeh Summary 2020

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Soul’s Journey

Tonight’s Taraweeh consists of juz 24. The Surahs covered are nos 39-41: last half of Az-Zumar, Al Mu’min, also known as Al Ghafir, and Fussilat also known as Ha-Mim As-Sajdah.

Az Zumar (The Crowds)

Destiny of The Soul

41. ‘Indeed, We sent down to you the Book for the people in truth. So whoever is guided – it is for (the benefit of) his own soul; and whoever goes astray, strays to its detriment.’

‘Allah takes the souls at the time of their death’ and also temporarily takes the souls of those asleep.

53. Qul ya ibadi – Say,’O My servants..

Say, ‘O My servants who have transgressed against themselves (by sinning), do not give up on the Mercy of Allah. Indeed Allah forgives all sins…and repent to your Lord before the punishment comes upon you…’

67. Wa ma qadarullaha – And they have not appraised Allah…

‘And they have not appraised Allah with true appreciation, while the earth will be entirely within His grip on the Day of Resurrection and the skies will be folded in His right hand..and the earth will shine with the light of its Lord and the record (of deeds) will be placed…and every soul will be fully compensated (for) what it did.’

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

Surah Ghafir (The Forgiver)/ Mu’min (The Believer)

Prayer of The Angels.

We now begin a series of seven surahs beginning with the letters Ha Mim.

7. Al ladheena yahmiloon al arsha   Those who bear the throne…

The angels, including the throne bearers, seek Allah’s forgiveness for the believers, ‘Our Lord…forgive those who have repented and followed your way… admit them to the eternal gardens…including the righteous from among their spouses and offspring…and protect them from the evil consequences (of their deeds)…’

And on the Day of Judgement the disbelievers will wonder if there is a way out.  They will be reminded that they disbelieved in the Oneness of Allah and believed that Allah has partners. Every soul will be treated with justice on that Day.

28. Wa qaala rajulun – And a man said..

Within Pharaoh’s family had lived a believing man who had been secretly practicing his faith. He now steps up to protect Moses from the death threats of Pharaoh with eloquence and confident persuasion. He says, ‘Do you kill a man (merely) because he says, “My Lord is Allah.” ’

He turns to the people and reminds them that they might be powerful today but they would have no protection if the Creator descended His punishment upon them. He fears that they will become like the perished nations of the past. This world is but a fleeting pleasure and the hereafter is our real home.

47. Wa idh yata haajjoona – And mention when they will argue ..

The weak will argue with the arrogant in the Fire complaining that ‘we were (only) your followers, so will you relieve us of a share of the Fire?’ And the arrogant will respond, ’Indeed all of us are in it. Indeed Allah has judged between His servants.’

Surah Fussilat (Detailed Verses) or Ha Meem Sajdah

Conversing with the Angels

15.Fa amma ‘Aad-un – As for ‘Ad

The community of Ad considered themselves invincible, so Allah sent on them a humiliating windstorm that cut them down to size.

Likewise the Thamud were punished for they preferred blindness over guidance, so  Allah sent down a thunderbolt.

And the disbelievers’ hearing, eyes and skin will testify against them. They will ask, ‘Why have you testified against us?’ They will say they were commanded to. They assumed that Allah does not know much of what they do. ‘(This assumption) has brought you to ruin and you have become amongst the losers.’

30. Innal ladheena qaloo – Indeed those who have said

‘Indeed those who have said, Our Lord is Allah and stayed on the right path – the angels will descend upon them (saying), Do not fear nor grieve, but receive the good tidings of Paradise, which you were promised. We (angels) were your allies in the worldly life and (are so) in the Hereafter. And you will have whatever your souls desire and whatever you wish for.’

In tonight’s taraweeh where will our souls be?

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Advent of The Apostles: 19th Taraweeh summary 2020

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Photo by Rich Smith on Unsplash

Advent of the Apostles

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of  Juz 23.

The Sûrahs covered are nos 36-39: most of Yâsîn, As-Sâffât (Those Ranging in Ranks), Sâd and the first half of Az-Zumar (the Crowds).

Ayah/Verse ‘anchors’ are given in italics along with their number. 

Sûrah Yâsîn

The 3 Apostles

This Sûrah opens with the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w  being addressed concerning the Revelation that he brought.

The Qur’ân is from Allah s.w.t, ‘full of wisdom’ for those who follow the Straight Path.

To the disbelievers, ‘it matters not whether you warn them or not: they will not believe.’  Only those who follow Allah’s Message and fear Him Unseen will gain Guidance.

13. Wadrib lahum mathalan – Present to them a parable…

The Parable of the People of the City is given. When Allah s.w.t sent two Apostles to them, the people rejected them.

So Allah sent a third Apostle to strengthen the two others; but the people rejected them with the usual excuses.

The Apostles replied, ‘Our duty is only to announce the clear Message.’

The people accused the Apostles of bringing ill-luck on them and threatened to punish them.

Then, a man from the farthest end of the city came to them running and implored them to ‘obey the Apostles.’

The city rejected the message of Allah and was destroyed.

The man was a true Believer and when he was granted Paradise, he said, ‘I wish my people could know how my Lord has forgiven and honoured me.’

33. Wa ayatu lahumul ard – And a sign for them is the earth..

Look at Allah’s Signs around you. They all bear witness to Allah.

See how the earth dies and is revived, the abundance of food and water, the creation of all life in pairs.

Watch the sun and the moon following their orbits by Allah’s Law and the ships that sail gracefully on the waters for man’s use.

60. Alam a’had ilaykum – Did I not enjoin upon you…?

On the Last Day, the guilty ones will be reprimanded and reminded of their origins,

‘ Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam that you not worship Satan…even ‘their hands will speak …and their feet bear witness’ to their evil deeds.

83. Fa subhanal ladhi – ‘Exalted is He…’

…In whose Hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned.

Sûrah As-Sâffât (Those Ranging in Ranks)

Peace upon the Messengers

Allah first swears by the angels, including the saffat, those lined up in rows, that He is One. Throughout the heavens and the earth, the conflict between good and evil has continued.

Allah has ‘decked the lower heaven to guard against all stubborn, rebellious evil spirits.’

13. Wa idha dhukkiru – And when they are reminded…

On the earth Allah’s Revelations and Messengers confronted evil.

Evil and good will finally be sorted out on the Day of Judgement when Good will conquer Evil.

41. Ulaaika lahum rizqun – They will be provided with….

The believers will be provided with everything delicious in gardens of pleasure.

And one of them will say that he had an associate on earth who would challenge the idea of resurrection.

He will see this disbeliever in the midst of hellfire and will say,’ By Allah you almost ruined me, if not for the favour of my Lord, I would have been brought (to hell).’

75. Wa laqad nadana Nooh – And Noah had called upon Us…

Peace was invoked on the Messengers, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Aaron, Elias & Lot (peace be upon them all) for their work in their conflict with Evil.

Jonah had given up on his people and was cast into the abdomen of a giant fish.

When he glorified Allah from within, he was rescued.

Later, he preached to more than 100,00 people who then accepted the Truth.

Sûrah Sâd

The Prophet Kings

17. Wadhkur abduna dawud – And remember our servant, David…

Here earthly power is contrasted with spiritual power, to show how much more important and real spiritual power is.

For this reason Dâwûd  and Solomon are taken as examples to prove this point, because both were Kings and Prophets.

David was a strong man and a powerful king, but he always praised Allah. So Allah ‘strengthened his kingdom, gave him wisdom & sound Judgement in speech and decision.’

Solomon had control over jinns and animals as well. One time he became so preoccupied with  a display of a racehorses that he forgot the remembrance of Allah.

He became extremely remorseful after this. He would seek Allah’s forgiveness and was rewarded with a great kingdom and nearness to Allah.

41. Wadhkur abduna Ayyub – And remember our servant Job…

Job Ayyûb chose to be patient while he suffered, Allah therefore rewarded him.

Had he been impatient and complained to Allah bitterly, Allah would have been displeased with him.

All the Messengers chose the path of final bliss rather than final misery.

71. Idh qala rabbuka lil malaikati – Mention when your Lord said to the angels…

Âdam’s story is retold to prove that the devil is our enemy. Evil arose from pride and rebellion but it can never harm Allah’s true servants.

Sûrah Az-Zumar (The Crowds)

The Effects of Revelation 

Allah mentions the wondrous signs of creation. And then he prods our logic, ‘Is one who is devoutly obedient during the night…fearing the Hereafter and hoping for Allah’s Mercy (like one who is not?)

23.Allah nazzala ahsanal hadeeth  – Allah has sen down the best statement…

‘The skins shiver of those who fear their Lord; then their skins and hearts relax at the mention of Allah.

That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whom He wills.’

‘Whoever prays at night in Ramadan out of faith and the hope of reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven.’ (Hadeeth)                             

May Allah accept our worship tonight in these isolated times.

 

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Household of Worship: 18th Taraweeh Summary 2020

Household of Worship

Tonight’s Taraweeh consists of  Juz 22.

The Sûrahs covered are nos 33-36: the final 2/3 of Al-Ahzâb (The Confederates), Saba’ (The Tribe of Saba), Fâtir (The Originator of Creation) and a small section of Yâsîn.

Today’s summary will include keywords in italics at the beginning of each section, where possible, to help you stay anchored to the recitation during the prayer, God willing – In sha Allah. Let me know if this system helps.

Sûrah Al-Ahzâb (The Confederates)- contd.

The Mothers of the Believers

‘Ya Nisaa An Nabi’ – O Wives of the Prophet

Allah the Almighty addresses the wives of the Prophet s.a.w directly here. ‘You are not like other women.’ If you commit  immorality, your punishment will be double. While if you do righteousness you will get twice the reward. Be honourable in your speech, abide in your homes and do not parade yourselves like those of the pagan era. Establish a life of prayer, charity and worship. Allah wishes purity for the exemplary community that is the Prophet’s household.

‘Innal Muslimeena wal Muslimaat’ – Indeed the believing men and the believing women…

This ayah was revealed in direct response to Umm Salamah’s question to her husband, the Prophet s.a.w,’Why is it that we (women) are not mentioned in the Quran as men are?’ Then this ayah was revealed by Allah to detail the spiritual equality of men and women.

Fa lamma qada Zaydun minha – so when Zayd dissolved (the marriage) with her…

Allah reminds the Prophet specifically and the Believers in general of the marital relationships that are permissible. So do not fear the people as in the case where Allah commanded the Prophet to marry Zaynab, the divorced wife of his adopted son, Zayd ibn Harithah. This was commanded to show the permissibility of such marriages.

‘InnAllaha wa Malaaikatahu yusalloona alan Nabi’ – Indeed Allah confers blessings upon the Prophet and the angels (ask Him to do so)…

Previously Allah mentions how He confers blessings upon the Believers and the Prophet. Now we are commanded to do the same for the Prophet, ‘O you who believe ask to send blessings on him and salute him with all respect.’

‘Ya ayyuhan Nabi’ – O Prophet…

Allah commands the Prophet to tell his family and the believing women to display their faith by wearing an outer garment when out in public.

‘Ya laytana’ – If only…

There will come a time where  the disbelievers will see the error of their ways, saying, ‘If only we had obeyed Allah and the Messenger,’ but instead, ‘we followed our masters and dignitaries and they led us astray.’  Their excuse of having been swayed by people of high status will not be acceptable in the sight of Allah.

Sûrah Saba’

Power Does Not Make Man Immune or Immortal

‘Wa laqad aatayna Dawud’ – And We bestowed on David…

Allah the Almighty has absolute power and He may choose to bestow temporary gifts upon His creation, that are nothing in comparison to Him. David and Solomon were blessed with qualities of knowledge and power for the cause of the Truth. But all glories of the earth must perish. King Solomon’s death was unknown to his mighty empire until a humble termite gnawed through the staff that had been holding him upright.

‘Laqad kana li Saba’-in…ayah’ – There was for (the tribe of) Saba…a sign 

Happiness and great wealth were also the domain of the people of Saba as long as they obeyed Allah. But once ‘they turned away’ from Allah’s Guidance, He punished them with their own resource. He ‘sent the flood from the dams (which were theirs) against them.’ Ultimately the fruits and crops of their deeds and lands became bitter and stunted.

‘Wa qaaloo nahnu aktharu amwala’ – And they said, ‘we are superior  in wealth…

Having great wealth or power neither gives you immunity against Allah’s punishment nor greater access to His pleasure.’Those who believe and do good deeds- these are the ones for whom there is a multiplied reward’ in the Hereafter, says Allah.

‘Inna ajri ill ‘alAllah’ – My reward is only due from Allah

Sincere men of Allah will keep trying their best to make the disbelievers understand that they are not in it for the personal gain or prestige. What they seek is their reward from Allah.

Sûrah Fâtir (The Originator of Creation)

Seek Your Prestige With Allah

‘Alhamdulillah Fatiris Samawati wal Ardi’ – All praise is due to Allah the Originator of the skies and the earth

Allah created every aspect of the universe including the angels: magnificent and obedient messengers with wings.

Be on guard for shaytan, satan, and his plots. Do not be deceived by his evil and thereby reject Allah. The rejecters of Allah will suffer a severe penalty.

‘And whoever desires honour then to Allah belongs all honour.’

‘Ya ayyuhan Nasu antum al fuqara’ – O mankind you are in need

We are ‘in need of Allah, but He is free of all wants.’

Alam Tara’ – Do you not see?

Observe the subtle differences in creation. As men and other creatures have been created ‘of various shades of colour’, so there are different grades in the spiritual world. Only the people of knowledge are those who ‘truly fear Allah.’

‘Wa qaalu alhamdulillah’ – And they will say all Praise to Allah

These are the words of the believers in Paradise who thank Allah for a home that is free of sorrow, fatigue, and stress.

Ya Sin: To be summarized tomorrow.

May we reflect on the character of the household of the Prophet and the true nature of prestige   

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace