Loyalty, Law and Order: 24th Taraweeh 2017

Sunday

Loyalty, Law & Order

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of Juz 28.

The Sûrahs covered are nos. 58-66 Al-Mujâdilah, Al-Hashr, Al-Mumtahinah, As-Saff, Al-Jumu’ah, Al-Munâfiqûn, At-Taghâbun, At-Talâq and At-Tahrîm.

58. Sûrah Al-Mujâdilah (She Who Pleads) 

This surah opens with Allah stating that he has heard and accepted the complaint of the woman who was being degraded by her husband.

So do not let false claims or unIslamic traditions lower or paralyze the status of women.

Allah is the All-Knower therefore do not make secret consultations among yourselves to plan mischief.

Be orderly in public assemblies – make room for others and dismiss after the assemblies are over.

Do not turn to those who knowingly swear to falsehood.

For those who are loyal to His Cause, Allah ‘has written faith in their hearts and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself… and is supremely pleased with them.’

59. Sûrah Al-Hashr (The Gathering)

It is Allah who banished the Disbelievers from amongst the People of the Book (those who broke the alliance with the Muslims).

What wealth remains must not circulate amongst the wealthy but amongst the needy and specific beneficiaries.

The Believers, both migrant and resident are praised. The Ansar (residents) ‘gave preference to the migrants even though poverty (was their own lot).’

The majesty of the Quran is described as shattering the might of a mountain.

And the surah concludes with a splendid rehearsal of Allah’s beautiful Names.

60. Sûrah Al-Mumtahinah (That Which Examines)

It is inappropriate to seek protection from the persecutors of Muslims. Follow Abraham’s example, whereby he and the believers made clear their stance to their enemies.

‘Allah does not forbid you from dealing kindly and justly with those who do not fight your Faith, nor drive you out of your homes.’

Believing women refugees should not be turned back, they are not to marry Disbelievers and if the believing women pledge the oath of loyalty to the Prophet (s.a.w), then he is to accept it from them and ask for their forgiveness.

61. Sûrah As-Saff (The Battle Array)

As Allah’s Glory shines through His Creation, so must we back up our words with action in a united manner, ‘like in a battle array, as if they were a solid cemented structure.’

Do not vex and insult the Prophets as past people did. To be truly successful, ‘Be ye helpers of Allah, as said Jesus, son of Mary to the disciples.’ And the disciples said,’We are Allah’s helpers!’

62. Sûrah Al-Jumu’ah (Friday)

Allah has sent His Revelation for the guidance of both those who have previous scriptures and those who don’t.

The likeness of those who were given the obligations of the scripture (the Torah) but failed, is like a donkey who carries volumes (but understands them not).

“When the call is made to prayer on Friday, hasten to the Remembrance of Allah and leave off business”.

The important lesson here is the need for mutual contact in the Community for worship and understanding.

63. Sûrah Al-Munâfiqûn (The Hypocrites)

All the Hypocrites are false. They think they can fool Allah and His Messenger with their sweet talk and impressive appearance, but they do not realise that Allah has punished them by making it impossible for them to see Truth.

They plan to obstruct progress without realising that Allah is the safe keeper of it.

Wealth and children must not distract you from remembering Allah. Give charity before death overpowers you and cuts you off from doing any good.

64. Sûrah At-Taghâbun (Mutual Loss & Gain)

Allah is the Creator of all men. He is the Best Judge. Final Judgement regarding those who did either good or evil will only be given on the Day of Reckoning.

“That will be a day of mutual loss and gain (among you)”.

Bear misfortunes with patience. Do not lose hope, because Allah is only testing you. Obey Allah’s Teachings and regard your wealth and children as a trial for you; so remember Allah and thank Him for His Favours.

65. Sûrah At-Talâq (Divorce)

Be just in your relations with your wives. Divorce is a last resort, where you feel that the marriage must be dissolved. Make absolutely certain that you deal justly and protect the interest of unborn or new-born lives. During the ‘iddah, (a prescribed waiting period) “let the women live in the same manner as you live, according to your means. Do not anger them”. Even then, try to bring about reconciliation. These are Allah’s Laws which must be obeyed.

66. Sûrah At-Tahrîm (Prohibition)

‘Do not make unlawful for yourself what Allah has made lawful.’

Harmony (in marriage) and confidence (trust) must be taught and practiced, and if you fail, repent and make amends.

The good man seeks good for himself and his family. Allah will reward the virtuous even if they have to live unavoidably with wicked people, as was the case with the wife of Pharaoh.

The reverse applies in the case of the evil ones who live in the company of the good; e.g. the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. And Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran is praised. She ‘guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (her body) our spirit; and she testified to the truth…’

May we reflect on the harmony of family life in tonight’s taraweeh.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Mountains of Revelation: 23rd Taraweeh 2017

Saturday

Mountains of Revelation

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of juz 27. The Sûrahs covered are 51-57: the second portion of Adh-Dhâriyât, At-Tûr, An-Najm, Al-Qamar, Ar-Rahmân, Al-Wâqi’ah and Al-Hadîd.

The commentary of Sûrah Adh-Dhâriyât was covered last night.

Sûrah At-Tûr (The Mount)

This is also an early Makkan Sûrah.

Allah  (s.w.t), takes an oath by previous revelations, other sacred symbols, including Mount Tur of Moses’ time, that His final Judgement will take place on the Day of Reckoning.

On that Day the evil-ones will be severely punished while the good  will prosper.

Certainly all the points raised by disbelievers are without foundation or valid authority.

Praise Allah in the stillness of the night and the hopeful hour of dawn as the stars begin to fade in deference to the sun.

Sûrah An-Najm (The Star)

True revelation does not consists of errors or deceptions – the Messenger (s.a.w) “is neither astray nor being misled, nor does he say (anything) of his own desire. It is no less than Inspiration sent down to him” by Allah, the All-Knower.

Allah is not like any of the false ideas and idols that men have. He is the Everlasting, the All-Forgiving.

Give wholeheartedly in Allah’s Way for your benefit in the Hereafter, where each soul must bear its own responsibility.

‘Do you then wonder at this recital? And will you laugh, not weep, wasting your time in vanities? But fall down in prostration to Allah and adore Him.’

 

Sûrah Al-Qamar (The Moon)

The theme of the Sûrah is explained by the question: “Is there any that will receive warning?” which occurs multiple times after referring to the people of the past who had rejected warnings. It contains an appeal to the simplicity of the Qur’ân.

Those who reject Allah’s Message must realise that the Day of Judgement is drawing near.

On that Day they will suffer a severe penalty if they do not accept Allah’s Truth. All those past people who denied Allah’s Message were destroyed, including the people of Noah, the ‘Ad, the Thamûd, the people of Lotand the people of Pharaoh.

Take heed from these examples and be on your guard. Receive Allah’s warning from these stories.

Sûrah Ar-Rahmân (The Most Merciful)

The greater part of this Sûrah is considered early Makkan. It is highly poetical, and the question “Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” is scattered 31 times among its 78 verses. Here the favours of Allah and the Hereafter are explained.

How Gracious is Allah, who has revealed the Truth in the Qur’ân and has given man intelligence to see Him in the Creation around him. The universe is ruled by laws of Balance and Justice.

He has created man from mere clay; but man can still understand Allah, the Lord of the East and the West, who sustains all His creatures, who gives the jewels of Life and Faith, who will live on while everything else will die, whose eternity is the hope of man’s future.

Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” Evil cannot escape Justice. Good will find its reward in Paradise where beautiful sights and sounds, delicious fruits to nourish the soul, and pure companionship to give us life, will be found.

“Then, which favours of your Lord will you deny?”

All praise belongs to Allah, the Exalted and Honourable.

Sûrah Al-Wâqi’ah (The Inevitable)

Almost the entire Sûrah belongs to the early Makkan period. The Day of Judgement will come “when the earth will be shaken to its depths” and people will be sorted out into three classes.

Firstly, those who “will be nearest to Allah in Garden of Bliss”.

Then the Companions of the Right Hand, who will enjoy great pleasures.

Thirdly, the Companions of the Left Hand, who will suffer untold misery.

Study yourselves, the rest of Creation, and Allah’s Message and praise Allah, the Beneficent, Who is most Just, Most Merciful and Truthful.

Sûrah Al-Hadîd (Iron)

With this Sûrah we begin the last one-tenth of the Qur’ân.

This tenth can be viewed in two parts: the first contains ten Sûrahs, all revealed in Madîna, and each one dealing with special advice about the social life of the Ummah.The remainder contains short Makkan Sûrahs, each one dealing with an aspect of spiritual life, expressed in language of great beauty.

Believe in Allah and His Prophet, and give charity out of the wealth He has given you. By spending in Allah’s Cause you are merely giving from things which Allah has given; it is not strictly yours.

“Those who give in charity….(that loan) will be increased manifold for them, and they will have (besides) a liberal reward”.

Allah will then guide you by His Light. Be always humble before Allah and remember Him at all times.

“The life of this world is but play and amusement” compared to the life of the Hereafter.

The pleasures of this world last long. But on the other hand, do not serve Allah like hermits who shut out the world altogether.

As Muslims we are to use the resources of this world, like iron (Al Hadid), to be engaged in good for the sake of Allah– this is also worship.

 May we reflect on the mountains of revelation as we bow down in salah.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Structural Integrity: 22nd Night of Taraweeh 2017

Friday

 

Structural Integrity of The Ummah                                  

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of Juz 26.

The Sûrahs covered are Al-Ahqâf (The Sandhills), Muhammad , Al-Fath (Victory), Al-Hujurât (The Apartments), Qâf  and the first section of Al-Dhâriyât (The Winds that Scatter).

Surah Al-Ahqâf

The Ahqâf are the long and winding crooked tracts of sand-hills, like those in the land of the nation of ‘Ad. These  people probably had a fertile irrigated country, but their sins brought on Allah’s Punishment.

Allah  has created everything “for just ends.” Allah’s truth is unchangeable; those who disbelieve in it will be severely punished on the Day of Judgement. Be kind to your parents for their sacrifices they made for you. In your old age pray for the well-being of your offspring.

Allah places different people in different ranks  “according to their deeds.”

Sûrah Muhammad

This surah was revealed around the 1st year after Hijra when the possibility existed that the Pagan Makkans might wipe out the Muslims. This and the next two Sûrahs deal with external and internal relations when the Ummah was formed.

“Those who reject Allah and obstruct (men) from the path of Allah  – Allah  will cause their deeds to go wrong and they will be destroyed.

But those who believe and do good… Allah  will remove their ills from them and improve their condition”.

Allah  will guide those who fight for His cause. The hypocrites (like those in Madîna in Prophet Muhammad’s time) on the other hand  are fainthearted. They only pay lip-service to Islam. Serve Islam sincerely, otherwise “He will replace you with another group of people (who) will not be like you.”

Sûrah Al-Fath

This Sûrah was revealed after the Treaty of Hudaibiya which was signed in 6 A.H. between the Muslims and the Makkan Pagans.Prophet Muhammad , together with about 1500 Muslims, wanted to perform the ‘Umra (lesser pilgrimage).

The treaty that followed was a great moral, social and political victory for Islam. Victory comes from calmness of mind, faith, devotion, bravery and patience, as shown at Hudaibiya. Greed or faint-heartedness can never bring victory. The rewards for service cannot always be measured by immediate results, but show themselves in many ways if we are patient. Fight with strength, but be kind and gentle among yourselves. Such an act will cause Allah  to love you.

Surah Al-Hujurât

This Sûrah was revealed in 9 A.H. when many deputations visited Madîna to offer their loyalty to Islam.

Be humble in accepting the sunnah of your Prophet. Do not accept rumours without testing them. Make peace between 2 quarreling parties among Believers “with justice”. Remember that “the Believers are a single Brotherhood”. Do not make wounding remarks, “Avoid suspicion as much (as possible)… do not spy on each other, nor speak ill of each other behind their backs”. “Certainly the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah  is the most righteous of you.”

Being a believer does not mean paying lip-service, but by accepting Allah’s Will and striving in His cause. By accepting Islam you do not do others a favour; rather, you do yourselves a favour because it is a source of guidance for you.

Sûrah Qâf

We now come to a group of seven Makkan Sûras dealing with Allah’s revelation through nature, history and the mouths of the Prophets.

The disbelievers find it beyond their understanding that they will be raised up again after they have become dust. But they just have to look at His Creation, and conclude from it that Allah is capable of doing everything. As He gives (new) life to land that is dead so will He bring about our Resurrection.

Every deed, word and thought is recorded by two angels. Death will open your eyes and make you see the Truth. The fruit of good deeds will be Paradise, while the fruit of evil will be Hell.

 Sûrah Al-Dhâriyât

This Sûrah deals with the many ways in which Truth is successful at all times, even against heavy odds. The winds may be strong or gentle: blowing, scattering, lifting, rushing or dividing in all directions – but Allah’s Purpose remains one.

On the Day of Judgement everything will become clear. Look at the history of past peoples who rejected Allah and learn lessons therefrom. Those who believe find profit in their lives. Evil will end in Punishment while Good will end in Joy and Satisfaction.

If we do not heed Allah’s signs, the loss is our own.

May we reflect on these signs as we head into the final week of Ramadan.

 

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Witness Protection Program: 21st Taraweeh 2017

Thursday

Witness Protection

Tonight’s Taraweeh consists of Juz 25 and surahs no. 41-45. They are the end of Fussilat, all of Ash-Shura, Az-Zukhruf, Ad- Dukhan and Al Jathiyah.

Ash-Shura (Consultation)

The Ultimate Protector

‘To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth…the heavens are almost rent asunder from above them (by His Glory)’

‘And those who take as protectors others beside Him, Allah is watching over them.’ Trust in Allah as your ultimate Protector and source of safety.

:12 To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth: He enlarges and restricts the sustenance to whom He wills, for He knows full well all things. The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah…Abraham, Moses and Jesus: namely you should remain steadfast in religion and be not divided therein…’

The believers have many special qualities including their avoidance of the major sins, the ability to forgive even when they are angry and their capacity to consult others (Shura) when making decisons.

:19  Allah takes care of His creation and sends down rain even after men have given up all hope, and scatters His Mercy far and wide

:44 But on the Day of Judgement those who have gone astray will have no Protector at all

Az Zukhruf (Gold Adornments)

All that Glitters

In this surah we come across a very familiar prayer, the ‘car du’a.’  ‘Exalted is He who has provided this (ride) for our use and we could never have accomplished it ourselves and to our Lord we must surely turn back.’

‘Yet there are still those who ascribe power to other than Allah. Some attribute daughters to Him or claim that the angels are female and yet,’when news is brought to one of them of (the birth of a daughter)…his face darkens and is filled with inward grief!’

:31 Also they say why is not the Quran sent down on to a grander, more highly ranked leader in Makkah or Ta’if. “But the Mercy of your Lord is better than your collections of wealth. ‘And had it not been that people might turn to disbelief, Allah would have provided homes with roofs and staircases of silver and golden adornments (Zukhruf).

:52 Like the Makkans, Pharoah could not fathom Prophethood being bestowed on an ordinary man of the people,’ Why are not gold bracelets bestowed on him and angels do not accompany him in procession?’

:68 The life of the believers in Paradise will be much grander than anything imaginable in this world. They will have peace of mind: no fear, nor sorrow. ‘To them will be pass around dishes and goblets of gold, there will be all that the soul could desire, all tha the eyes could delight in.’

‘So leave (the disbelievers) to babble and play until they meet that Day of theirs which they have been promised.’

Ad Dukhan (The Smoke)

Will the Earth Weep for You?

The Quran was sent down during a blessed night and ‘in that (night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom.

:25 Allah the All Wise recounts the incident of Pharoah and his forces being destroyed in their pursuit of the Believers,’How many were the gardens and springs left behind. And cornfields, grand buildings and wealth in which they indulged.. Thus (was their end)..and neither heaven nor earth shed a tear over them.’

:38 And Allah did not create the heavens nor the earth nor everything in between merely for sport. We created them only for just ends, but most do not understand.

Al Jathiyah (The Kneeling Down)

Hour of Need

‘Do you see such a one who takes his desires as a god. (Knowing him as such) Allah has left him astray.’

And the Day of Judgement will be a humbling moment, ‘and you will see every sect bowing the knee (Jathiyah).’

‘And when it was said that the promise of Allah was true and the Hour – there was no doubt about it, you (Disbelievers) used to say ‘We know not what is The Hour: we only think it is an idea, and we have no firm assurance…it will …be said: This Day  We will forget you as you forgot the meeting of this Day of yours!’

May we be counted amongst those  in the Protecting care of our Lord – Ameen

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Household of Worship: 18th Taraweeh 2017

Monday

Household of Worship

Tonight’s Taraweeh consists of  Juz 22.

The Sûrahs covered are nos 33-36: the final 2/3 of Al-Ahzâb (The Confederates), Saba’ (The Tribe of Saba), Fâtir (The Originator of Creation) and a small section of Yâsîn.

Today’s summary will include keywords in italics at the beginning of each section, where possible, to help you stay anchored to the recitation during the prayer, God willing – In sha Allah. Let me know if this system helps.

 

Sûrah Al-Ahzâb (The Confederates)- contd.

The Mothers of the Believers

‘Ya Nisaa An Nabi’ – O Wives of the Prophet

Allah the Almighty addresses the wives of the Prophet s.a.w directly here. ‘You are not like other women.’ If you commit  immorality, your punishment will be double. While if you do righteousness you will get twice the reward. Be honourable in your speech, abide in your homes and do not parade yourselves like those of the pagan era. Establish a life of prayer, charity and worship. Allah wishes purity for the exemplary community that is the Prophet’s household.

‘Innal Muslimeena wal Muslimaat’ – Indeed the believing men and the believing women…

This ayah was revealed in direct response to Umm Salamah’s question to her husband, the Prophet s.a.w,’Why is it that we (women) are not mentioned in the Quran as men are?’ Then this ayah was revealed by Allah to detail the spiritual equality of men and women.

Fa lamma qada Zaydun minha – so when Zayd dissolved (the marriage) with her…

Allah reminds the Prophet specifically and the Believers in general of the marital relationships that are permissible. So do not fear the people as in the case where Allah commanded the Prophet to marry Zaynab, the divorced wife of his adopted son, Zayd ibn Harithah. This was commanded to show the permissibility of such marriages.

‘InnAllaha wa Malaaikatahu yusalloona alan Nabi’ – Indeed Allah confers blessings upon the Prophet and the angels (ask Him to do so)…

Previously Allah mentions how He confers blessings upon the Believers and the Prophet. Now we are commanded to do the same for the Prophet, ‘O you who believe ask to send blessings on him and salute him with all respect.’

‘Ya ayyuhan Nabi’ – O Prophet…

Allah commands the Prophet to tell his family and the believing women to display their faith by wearing an outer garment when out in public.

‘Ya laytana’ – If only…

There will come a time where  the disbelievers will see the error of their ways, saying, ‘If only we had obeyed Allah and the Messenger,’ but instead, ‘we followed our masters and dignitaries and they led us astray.’  Their excuse of having been swayed by people of high status will not be acceptable in the sight of Allah.

 

Sûrah Saba’

Power Does Not Make Man Immune or Immortal

‘Wa laqad aatayna Dawud’ – And We bestowed on David…

Allah the Almighty has absolute power and He may choose to bestow temporary gifts upon His creation, that are nothing in comparison to Him. David and Solomon were blessed with qualities of knowledge and power for the cause of the Truth. But all glories of the earth must perish. King Solomon’s death was unknown to his mighty empire until a humble termite gnawed through the staff that had been holding him upright.

‘Laqad kana li Saba’-in…ayah’ – There was for (the tribe of) Saba…a sign 

Happiness and great wealth were also the domain of the people of Saba as long as they obeyed Allah. But once ‘they turned away’ from Allah’s Guidance, He punished them with their own resource. He ‘sent the flood from the dams (which were theirs) against them.’ Ultimately the fruits and crops of their deeds and lands became bitter and stunted.

‘Wa qaloo nahnu aktharu amwala’ – And they said, ‘we are superior  in wealth…

Having great wealth or power neither gives you immunity against Allah’s punishment nor greater access to His pleasure.’Those who believe and do good deeds- these are the ones for whom there is a multiplied reward’ in the Hereafter, says Allah.

‘Inna ajri ill ‘alAllah’ – My reward is only due from Allah

Sincere men of Allah will keep trying their best to make the disbelievers understand that they are not in it for the personal gain or prestige. What they seek is their reward from Allah.

 

Sûrah Fâtir (The Originator of Creation)

Seek Your Prestige With Allah

‘Alhamdulillah Fatiris Samawati wal Ardi’ – All praise is due to Allah the Originator of the skies and the earth

Allah created every aspect of the universe including the angels: magnificent and obedient messengers with wings.

Be on guard for shaytan, satan, and his plots. Do not be deceived by his evil and thereby reject Allah. The rejecters of Allah will suffer a severe penalty.

‘And whoever desires honour then to Allah belongs all honour.’

‘Ya ayyuhan Nasu antum al fuqara’ – O mankind you are in need

We are ‘in need of Allah, but He is free of all wants.’

Alam Tara’ – Do you not see?

Observe the subtle differences in creation. As men and other creatures have been created ‘of various shades of colour’, so there are different grades in the spiritual world. Only the people of knowledge are those who ‘truly fear Allah.’

‘Wa qaalu alhamdulillah’ – And they will say all Praise to Allah

These are the words of the believers in Paradise who thank Allah for a home that is free of sorrow, fatigue, and stress.

Ya Sin: To be summarized tomorrow.

 

May we reflect on the character of the household of the Prophet and the true nature of prestige   

 

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Loyalty, Law and Order: 24th Taraweeh 2016

Tuesday

Loyalty, Law & Order

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of Juz 28.

The Sûrahs covered are nos. 58-66 Al-Mujâdilah, Al-Hashr, Al-Mumtahinah, As-Saff, Al-Jumu’ah, Al-Munâfiqûn, At-Taghâbun, At-Talâq and At-Tahrîm.

58. Sûrah Al-Mujâdilah (She Who Pleads) 

This surah opens with Allah stating that he has heard and accepted the complaint of the woman who was being degraded by her husband.

So do not let false claims or unIslamic traditions lower or paralyze the status of women.

Allah is the All-Knower therefore do not make secret consultations among yourselves to plan mischief.

Be orderly in public assemblies – make room for others and dismiss after the assemblies are over.

Do not turn to those who knowingly swear to falsehood.

For those who are loyal to His Cause, Allah ‘has written faith in their hearts and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself… and is supremely pleased with them.’

59. Sûrah Al-Hashr (The Gathering)

It is Allah who banished the Disbelievers from amongst the People of the Book (those who broke the alliance with the Muslims).

What wealth remains must not circulate amongst the wealthy but amongst the needy and specific beneficiaries.

The Believers, both migrant and resident are praised. The Ansar (residents) ‘gave preference to the migrants even though poverty (was their own lot).’

The majesty of the Quran is described as shattering the might of a mountain.

And the surah concludes with a splendid rehearsal of Allah’s beautiful Names.

60. Sûrah Al-Mumtahinah (That Which Examines)

It is inappropriate to seek protection from the persecutors of Muslims. Follow Abraham’s example, whereby he and the believers made clear their stance to their enemies.

‘Allah does not forbid you from dealing kindly and justly with those who do not fight your Faith, nor drive you out of your homes.’

Believing women refugees should not be turned back, they are not to marry Disbelievers and if the believing women pledge the oath of loyalty to the Prophet (s.a.w), then he is to accept it from them and ask for their forgiveness.

61. Sûrah As-Saff (The Battle Array)

As Allah’s Glory shines through His Creation, so must we back up our words with action in a united manner, ‘like in a battle array, as if they were a solid cemented structure.’

Do not vex and insult the Prophets as past people did. To be truly successful, ‘Be ye helpers of Allah, as said Jesus, son of Mary to the disciples.’ And the disciples said,’We are Allah’s helpers!’

62. Sûrah Al-Jumu’ah (Friday)

Allah has sent His Revelation for the guidance of both those who have previous scriptures and those who don’t.

The likeness of those who were given the obligations of the scripture (the Torah) but failed, is like a donkey who carries volumes (but understands them not).

“When the call is made to prayer on Friday, hasten to the Remembrance of Allah and leave off business”.

The important lesson here is the need for mutual contact in the Community for worship and understanding.

63. Sûrah Al-Munâfiqûn (The Hypocrites)

All the Hypocrites are false. They think they can fool Allah and His Messenger with their sweet talk and impressive appearance, but they do not realise that Allah has punished them by making it impossible for them to see Truth.

They plan to obstruct progress without realising that Allah is the safe keeper of it.

Wealth and children must not distract you from remembering Allah. Give charity before death overpowers you and cuts you off from doing any good.

64. Sûrah At-Taghâbun (Mutual Loss & Gain)

Allah is the Creator of all men. He is the Best Judge. Final Judgement regarding those who did either good or evil will only be given on the Day of Reckoning.

“That will be a day of mutual loss and gain (among you)”.

Bear misfortunes with patience. Do not lose hope, because Allah is only testing you. Obey Allah’s Teachings and regard your wealth and children as a trial for you; so remember Allah and thank Him for His Favours.

65. Sûrah At-Talâq (Divorce)

Be just in your relations with your wives. Divorce is a last resort, where you feel that the marriage must be dissolved. Make absolutely certain that you deal justly and protect the interest of unborn or new-born lives. During the ‘iddah, (a prescribed waiting period) “let the women live in the same manner as you live, according to your means. Do not anger them”. Even then, try to bring about reconciliation. These are Allah’s Laws which must be obeyed.

66. Sûrah At-Tahrîm (Prohibition)

‘Do not make unlawful for yourself what Allah has made lawful.’

Harmony (in marriage) and confidence (trust) must be taught and practiced, and if you fail, repent and make amends.

The good man seeks good for himself and his family. Allah will reward the virtuous even if they have to live unavoidably with wicked people, as was the case with the wife of Pharaoh.

The reverse applies in the case of the evil ones who live in the company of the good; e.g. the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. And Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran is praised. She ‘guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (her body) our spirit; and she testified to the truth…’

May we reflect on the harmony of family life in tonight’s taraweeh.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

Mountains of Revelation: 23rd Taraweeh 2016

Monday

Mountains of Revelation

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of juz 27. The Sûrahs covered are 51-57: the second portion of Adh-Dhâriyât, At-Tûr, An-Najm, Al-Qamar, Ar-Rahmân, Al-Wâqi’ah and Al-Hadîd.

The commentary of Sûrah Adh-Dhâriyât was covered last night.

Sûrah At-Tûr (The Mount)

This is also an early Makkan Sûrah.

Allah  (s.w.t), takes an oath by previous revelations, other sacred symbols, including Mount Tur of Moses’ time, that His final Judgement will take place on the Day of Reckoning.

On that Day the evil-ones will be severely punished while the good  will prosper.

Certainly all the points raised by disbelievers are without foundation or valid authority.

Praise Allah in the stillness of the night and the hopeful hour of dawn as the stars begin to fade in deference to the sun.

Sûrah An-Najm (The Star)

True revelation does not consists of errors or deceptions – the Messenger (s.a.w) “is neither astray nor being misled, nor does he say (anything) of his own desire. It is no less than Inspiration sent down to him” by Allah, the All-Knower.

Allah is not like any of the false ideas and idols that men have. He is the Everlasting, the All-Forgiving.

Give wholeheartedly in Allah’s Way for your benefit in the Hereafter, where each soul must bear its own responsibility.

‘Do you then wonder at this recital? And will you laugh, not weep, wasting your time in vanities? But fall down in prostration to Allah and adore Him.’

 

Sûrah Al-Qamar (The Moon)

The theme of the Sûrah is explained by the question: “Is there any that will receive warning?” which occurs multiple times after referring to the people of the past who had rejected warnings. It contains an appeal to the simplicity of the Qur’ân.

Those who reject Allah’s Message must realise that the Day of Judgement is drawing near.

On that Day they will suffer a severe penalty if they do not accept Allah’s Truth. All those past people who denied Allah’s Message were destroyed, including the people of Noah, the ‘Ad, the Thamûd, the people of Lotand the people of Pharaoh.

Take heed from these examples and be on your guard. Receive Allah’s warning from these stories.

Sûrah Ar-Rahmân (The Most Merciful)

The greater part of this Sûrah is considered early Makkan. It is highly poetical, and the question “Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” is scattered 31 times among its 78 verses. Here the favours of Allah and the Hereafter are explained.

How Gracious is Allah, who has revealed the Truth in the Qur’ân and has given man intelligence to see Him in the Creation around him. The universe is ruled by laws of Balance and Justice.

He has created man from mere clay; but man can still understand Allah, the Lord of the East and the West, who sustains all His creatures, who gives the jewels of Life and Faith, who will live on while everything else will die, whose eternity is the hope of man’s future.

Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” Evil cannot escape Justice. Good will find its reward in Paradise where beautiful sights and sounds, delicious fruits to nourish the soul, and pure companionship to give us life, will be found.

“Then, which favours of your Lord will you deny?”

All praise belongs to Allah, the Exalted and Honourable.

Sûrah Al-Wâqi’ah (The Inevitable)

Almost the entire Sûrah belongs to the early Makkan period. The Day of Judgement will come “when the earth will be shaken to its depths” and people will be sorted out into three classes.

Firstly, those who “will be nearest to Allah in Garden of Bliss”.

Then the Companions of the Right Hand, who will enjoy great pleasures.

Thirdly, the Companions of the Left Hand, who will suffer untold misery.

Study yourselves, the rest of Creation, and Allah’s Message and praise Allah, the Beneficent, Who is most Just, Most Merciful and Truthful.

Sûrah Al-Hadîd (Iron)

With this Sûrah we begin the last one-tenth of the Qur’ân.

This tenth can be viewed in two parts: the first contains ten Sûrahs, all revealed in Madîna, and each one dealing with special advice about the social life of the Ummah.The remainder contains short Makkan Sûrahs, each one dealing with an aspect of spiritual life, expressed in language of great beauty.

Believe in Allah and His Prophet, and give charity out of the wealth He has given you. By spending in Allah’s Cause you are merely giving from things which Allah has given; it is not strictly yours.

“Those who give in charity….(that loan) will be increased manifold for them, and they will have (besides) a liberal reward”.

Allah will then guide you by His Light. Be always humble before Allah and remember Him at all times.

“The life of this world is but play and amusement” compared to the life of the Hereafter.

The pleasures of this world last long. But on the other hand, do not serve Allah like hermits who shut out the world altogether.

As Muslims we are to use the resources of this world, like iron (Al Hadid), to be engaged in good for the sake of Allah– this is also worship.

 May we reflect on the mountains of revelation as we bow down in salah.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace