Mountains of Revelation: 23rd Taraweeh 2017

Saturday

Mountains of Revelation

Tonight’s taraweeh consists of juz 27. The Sûrahs covered are 51-57: the second portion of Adh-Dhâriyât, At-Tûr, An-Najm, Al-Qamar, Ar-Rahmân, Al-Wâqi’ah and Al-Hadîd.

The commentary of Sûrah Adh-Dhâriyât was covered last night.

Sûrah At-Tûr (The Mount)

This is also an early Makkan Sûrah.

Allah  (s.w.t), takes an oath by previous revelations, other sacred symbols, including Mount Tur of Moses’ time, that His final Judgement will take place on the Day of Reckoning.

On that Day the evil-ones will be severely punished while the good  will prosper.

Certainly all the points raised by disbelievers are without foundation or valid authority.

Praise Allah in the stillness of the night and the hopeful hour of dawn as the stars begin to fade in deference to the sun.

Sûrah An-Najm (The Star)

True revelation does not consists of errors or deceptions – the Messenger (s.a.w) “is neither astray nor being misled, nor does he say (anything) of his own desire. It is no less than Inspiration sent down to him” by Allah, the All-Knower.

Allah is not like any of the false ideas and idols that men have. He is the Everlasting, the All-Forgiving.

Give wholeheartedly in Allah’s Way for your benefit in the Hereafter, where each soul must bear its own responsibility.

‘Do you then wonder at this recital? And will you laugh, not weep, wasting your time in vanities? But fall down in prostration to Allah and adore Him.’

 

Sûrah Al-Qamar (The Moon)

The theme of the Sûrah is explained by the question: “Is there any that will receive warning?” which occurs multiple times after referring to the people of the past who had rejected warnings. It contains an appeal to the simplicity of the Qur’ân.

Those who reject Allah’s Message must realise that the Day of Judgement is drawing near.

On that Day they will suffer a severe penalty if they do not accept Allah’s Truth. All those past people who denied Allah’s Message were destroyed, including the people of Noah, the ‘Ad, the Thamûd, the people of Lotand the people of Pharaoh.

Take heed from these examples and be on your guard. Receive Allah’s warning from these stories.

Sûrah Ar-Rahmân (The Most Merciful)

The greater part of this Sûrah is considered early Makkan. It is highly poetical, and the question “Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” is scattered 31 times among its 78 verses. Here the favours of Allah and the Hereafter are explained.

How Gracious is Allah, who has revealed the Truth in the Qur’ân and has given man intelligence to see Him in the Creation around him. The universe is ruled by laws of Balance and Justice.

He has created man from mere clay; but man can still understand Allah, the Lord of the East and the West, who sustains all His creatures, who gives the jewels of Life and Faith, who will live on while everything else will die, whose eternity is the hope of man’s future.

Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?” Evil cannot escape Justice. Good will find its reward in Paradise where beautiful sights and sounds, delicious fruits to nourish the soul, and pure companionship to give us life, will be found.

“Then, which favours of your Lord will you deny?”

All praise belongs to Allah, the Exalted and Honourable.

Sûrah Al-Wâqi’ah (The Inevitable)

Almost the entire Sûrah belongs to the early Makkan period. The Day of Judgement will come “when the earth will be shaken to its depths” and people will be sorted out into three classes.

Firstly, those who “will be nearest to Allah in Garden of Bliss”.

Then the Companions of the Right Hand, who will enjoy great pleasures.

Thirdly, the Companions of the Left Hand, who will suffer untold misery.

Study yourselves, the rest of Creation, and Allah’s Message and praise Allah, the Beneficent, Who is most Just, Most Merciful and Truthful.

Sûrah Al-Hadîd (Iron)

With this Sûrah we begin the last one-tenth of the Qur’ân.

This tenth can be viewed in two parts: the first contains ten Sûrahs, all revealed in Madîna, and each one dealing with special advice about the social life of the Ummah.The remainder contains short Makkan Sûrahs, each one dealing with an aspect of spiritual life, expressed in language of great beauty.

Believe in Allah and His Prophet, and give charity out of the wealth He has given you. By spending in Allah’s Cause you are merely giving from things which Allah has given; it is not strictly yours.

“Those who give in charity….(that loan) will be increased manifold for them, and they will have (besides) a liberal reward”.

Allah will then guide you by His Light. Be always humble before Allah and remember Him at all times.

“The life of this world is but play and amusement” compared to the life of the Hereafter.

The pleasures of this world last long. But on the other hand, do not serve Allah like hermits who shut out the world altogether.

As Muslims we are to use the resources of this world, like iron (Al Hadid), to be engaged in good for the sake of Allah– this is also worship.

 May we reflect on the mountains of revelation as we bow down in salah.

Abbreviations

s.w.t  – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala – (Allah) The Glorious, the Exalted

a.s – Alayhis Salam– (Prophets, pious ones) on whom be peace

s.a.w – SalAllahu alayhi Wa sallam – (Muhammad) on whom be peace

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